Greenland joins the Paris Agreement

On Monday October 25th, Naalakkersuisut – the Government of Greenland - decided that the territorial reservation for Greenland to the Paris Agreement should be removed. A new Greenlandic coalition-government was formed in April this year. We have ambitious climate action plans. As a part of this, the government commenced a review of Greenland’s options if included in the Paris Agreement in the works. The review has showed that it is possible for Greenland to develop own National Determined Contributions, separate to those of Denmark and without Greenland being committed to a specified obligation in CO2 emissions. Following the decision, Naalakkersuisut - the Government of Greenland - will proceed with a domestic national ratification process via Inatsisartut – the Greenland Parliament.

“I am proud of the fact that the new Naalakkersuisut, the Government of Greenland, has reached the decision that Greenland should join the Paris Agreement. I can now inform the Danish Government that the work in ratifying the decision to join the Paris Agreement will be submitted to Inatsisartut – the Greenland Parliament. The Arctic region is one of the areas on our planet where the effects of global warming is felt the most, and we believe that we must take responsibility collectively. That means that we too, must contribute our share”, says Múte Bourup Egede, Prime Minister of Greenland.

The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty on climate change. All parties are obliged to deliver and uphold nationally defined climate objectives – National Determined Contributions (NDCs).
Although contributions under the Paris Agreement is up to the parties themselves to define, and Greenland thus does not have to commit itself to a certain level of CO2 reduction, Naalakkersuisut - the Government of Greenland - wishes to take active part in curbing the global climate crisis. Therefore Naalakkersuisut – the Greenland Government – this summer put a stop to oil and gas exploration in Greenland. Instead we will further develop and promote the renewable energy sources that we have available in our country.

Naalakkersuisut/the Government of Greenland believes that we who call the Arctic home must do what we can to lead by example by aiming to reduce CO2-emissions and to promote a sustainable, green transition in Greenland and beyond. Sustainable green energy solutions are the future, and we have a lot to gain by this transition. Greenland has an abundance of hydropower resources which surmounts our domestic energy needs. We are right now in the process of opening up to investors, who can help develop these areas, so that Greenland can fuel cheap and sustainable energy for data centers or as an input into storing of energy in hydrogen via Power-2-X processes for example.
These very days the world’s leaders are gathering for the annual UN climate summit – COP26 - in Glasgow. The summit seeks to bring the parties together to accelerate the effort needed if we are to reach the goals as set out in the UN Climate Convention and the Paris Agreement.

The Prime Minister Múte B. Egede will participate in the Leaders’ Summit Nov 1 – 2, to push for an ambitious outcome and to share with the international community the government’s commitment to the Paris Accord and current and future efforts to combat climate change and adapt to its effects. Minister for Agriculture, Self-Sufficiency, Energy and Environment Kalistat Lund will represent the Government of Greenland at COP26 November 3 – 10.

For additional information, please contact: Birita í Dali, Special Advisor, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, e-mail: bida@nanoq.gl

Greenland events at COP26:
“A greener Greenland – A briefing by the Prime Minister of Greenland”. Nordic Pavilion, November 1 3:35 pm(GMT).
Joint Greenland/Denmark event with PM Mette Frederiksen and PM Múte B. Egede. State of Green pavilion, November 2, 10:15 am (GMT).
“Greenland, the world’s largest energy island”. Nordic Pavilion, November 4, 1:15 pm (GMT)