OCTA was established as a non-profit organisation in 2002. OCTA coordinates the views of its members with respect to a common position to be taken in relation to matters dealing with the partnership with the Commission and the Member States.
OCTA's highest decision-making body is the Ministerial Conference which consists of the representatives of each member's government. The Ministerial conference is an annual event in which the political priorities are set for the association. At the Ministerial Conference a Board of Chairs, which is the second-highest ranking decision-makers in OCTA, is elected. At the moment, the chair is the British Virgin Islands, vice-chair is Curacao and Saint Pierre & Miquelon is the out-going chair and last part of the Board of chairs. Their purpose is to bring significant changes to the OCTA governance structure and enhance the role and visibility of OCTA whilst promoting the OCTs interests in Brussels at the political level.
Below the Board of Chairs resides the Executive Committee consisting of French Polynesia, Aruba , Saint Pierre & Miquelon, British Virgin Islands, St. Helena (President), Montserrat, New Caledonia (Vice-President) and Greenland. The Executive Committee meets 10 to 12 times a year in Brussels. The role of the Committee is to translate the political priorities set by the Ministerial Conference into action.