Greenland’s Fisheries License Control Authority (GFLK)

The main tasks that the GFLK do is to ensure compliance with laws and regulations within fishery and hunting as set by the Government of Greenland. This also includes the rules issued under bilateral agreements or pursuant to Greenland's participation in international fisheries management organizations (FMO) or accession to international conventions on fishing activities.

GFLK carries out a number of tasks within both administrative control and direct control of fishing and hunting activities. The main tasks that GFLK carries out include:
  • Continuous monitoring of submitted messages, logbooks and landings from fishing vessels, and buyers and processors of fish.
  • Monitoring of activities by fishing vessels' in Greenlandic waters and Greenlandic vessels in international waters via a satellite-based monitoring system (VMS).
  • Quota uptake of fisheries. These reports are send on to relevant organizations and authorities. Quota uptake reports are based on data from messages, logbooks and landings.
  • Inspection carried out by fishery and hunting inspectors in the coastal areas, as well as fishery observers on board on off-shore vessels and campaigns in cooperation with the Arctic Command.
  • Validation of catch certificates concerning fishery products for export from Greenland to the EU.
  • Port State Control (PSC) and the combat against illegal, unregulated and unreported fisheries (IUU), as well as international cooperation, such as the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO) and the North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (NEAFC).
  • Bilateral agreements and control cooperation agreements.
The main principle behind fisheries control is monitoring, control and surveillance also called MCS. GFLK uses a number of tools to monitor and control fisheries in Greenland.
Fisheries are regulated in order to ensure sustainable utilization of the fish stocks, as well as a sustainable economy. Appropriate regulation must also result in higher quotas and thus better economy in the fishing industry, both at sea and on land. The prerequisite for successful regulation is an effective enforcement of the rules so that political and administrative action can be taken if a fishery does not develop in the desired direction.
To fulfill its control tasks, GFLK, in collaboration with the Ministry of Fishery, Hunting and Agriculture (APNN), uses an advanced registration system in the form of a central database consisting of a number of registers:
  • a vessel register
  • an individual register
  • a message register
  • a logbook data register
  • a register for landings and sales data
  • a quota register
  • a license register
  • a hunting register
The database enables validation of data and forms the basis for compiling various statistics for national and international use. Data from the fisheries are used, by the Greenland Institute of Natural Resources in connection with the assessment of fish stocks and for biological advice on total allowable catches (TACs) and quotas.

Guidance on messages, catch reports, etc. please visit www.businessingreenland.gl under Fisheries and Fisheries Control.